Posts tagged architecture
M.C. Escher said, ‘Mathematicians go to the garden gate but they never venture through to appreciate the delights within.’ An observant pair of scientists discovered that medieval Muslim mathematicians not only ventured through the gates, they artistically expressed the enchantments of the garden.
Dr. Lu (Harvard) and Dr. Steinhardt (Princeton) state that Islamic designers had mastered techniques ‘to construct nearly perfect quasicrystalline Penrose patterns, five centuries before their discovery in the West.’
The Great Mosque of Samarra is a 9th century mosque which is located in the Iraqi city of Samarra. The mosque was commissioned in 848 and completed in 851 by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil who reigned (in Samarra) from 847 until 861.
The Great Mosque of Samarra was at one time the largest mosque in the world; its minaret, the Malwiya Tower, is a vast spiralling cone (snail shaped) 52 meters high and 33 meters wide with a spiral ramp.
The mosque had 17 aisles, and its walls were panelled with mosaics of dark blue glass. It was part of an extension of Samarra eastwards.
“‘A part of the ceiling at the Lahore Fort”
The Octagon is a universal symbol, found almost in every ancient civilization. It was used extensively by the Greeks, and particularly by the Muslims. I personally have even seen it printed on some Native American clothing. Some say the octagon is formed through the fusion of a circle and a square. That it is the geometrical figure of perfect expression. Da Vinci’s ‘Universal man’ depicts a man standing simultaneously within a circle and a square. The merging of a circle and a square also depicts the merging of heaven and earth.
The perfected/universal man is one who lives this reality and thus functions on a different, essential level. This personality traditionally is known as the Qutb, the magnetic pole, the axis, the perfected man and many other names along the same vein..